Music Study (aka Composer Study), Part 3

My dad loves music and listened to quite a bit of it while I was growing up.  I really appreciate that background as I am studying the composers now.  I hear a familiar piece and then make the connection with the composer.  Loving that…thanks, Dad!

This list is a compilation of several lists and scraps of paper I have collected over the last couple of years.  I hope that it is in some way helpful to you.  The variety has been a great help to me in planning for our school years. =)

Medieval/Middle Ages (1150-1400):

Music during the Medieval/Middle Ages is characterized by the beginning of musical notation.* Here are some Medieval/Middle Ages composers:

  • Gilles Binchois  1400-1460
  • Guido de Arezzo  990-1050
  • Moniot D’Arras  ? (actively working 1213-1239)
  • Guillaume de Machaut  1300-1377
  • John Dunstable  1385-1453
  • Perotinus Magister  1160-1240
  • Leonel Power  ? (1370-1385) -1445
  • Hildegard von Bingen  1098-1179

Renaissance (1400-1600): 

The Renaissance signifies the rebirth of classical learning and an increased patronage of music.* Here are some musicians during that period:

  • Jacob Arcadelt  1500-1568
  • William Byrd  ? (1540-1543)-1623
  • Claudin de Sermisy 1495-1562
  • Josquin Desprez  1440-1521
  • Tomas Luis de Victoria  1548-1611
  • John Dowland  1563-1626
  • Guillaume Dufay  1400-1474
  • John Farmer 1560-?(1591-1605)
  • Giovanni Gabrielli  ?(1553-1556)-1612
  • Carlo Gesualdo  1566-1613   (Note: this man’s personal life history is not a good one.)
  • Clement Janequin  1485-1558
  • Orlando Lassus  1532-1594
  • Luca Marenzio  1550-1599
  • Claudio Monteverdi  1567-1643
  • Jacob Obrecht  1450-1505
  • Johannes Ockeghem  1410-1497
  • Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina  ?(1525)-1594
  • Thomas Tallis  ?(1505-1510)-1585
  • Adrian Willaert  ?(1480-1490)-1562

Baroque Era (1600-1750):

The word “baroque” comes from the Italian word “barocco” which means bizarre. The Baroque period was a time when composers experimented with form, styles and instruments. This period saw the development of opera and instrumental music.*  Here is a list of Baroque Composers:

  • Dietrich Buxtehude  1637-1707
  • Johann Sebastian Bach  1685-1750
  • Francesca Caccini  1587-1640
  • Elizabeth-Claude Jacquet De La Guerre  1665-1729
  • George Frideric Handel 1685-1759
  • Jean-Baptiste Lully  1632-1687
  • Henry Purcell 1659-1695
  • Pachelbel 1650-1700
  • Jean Phillipe Rameau  1683-1764
  • Dominico Scarletti 1680-1750
  • Heinrich Schutz  1585-1672
  • George Phillipp Telemann 1680-1760
  • Antonio Vivaldi 1675-1741

Classical Period (1750-1830)

  • Ludwig von Beethoven  1770-1827
  • Johannes Brahms  1833-1897
  • Francesco Cavalli  1602-1676
  • Frederic Chopin  1810-1849
  • Christoph Willibald Gluck  1714-1787
  • Franz Joseph Haydn  1732-1809
  • Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756-1791
  • Johann Pachelbel  1653-1706
  • Niccolo Paganini 1782-1840
  • Franz Schubert 1790-1820
  • Carl Maria von Weber  1786-1826

Early Romantic Period (1830-1860) and Late Romantic Period (1860-1920):

  • Isaac Albeniz  1860-1909
  • Mily Balakirev  1837-1910
  • Amy Beach  1867-1944
  • Vincenzo Bellini  1801-1835
  • Louis-Hector Berlioz  1803-1869
  •  Georges Bizet  1838-1875
  • Aleksandr Borodin  1833-1887
  • Johannes Brahms  1833-1897
  • Max Bruch  1838-1920
  • Anton Bruckner  1824-1896
  • Frederic Chopin  1810-1849
  • César Cui  1835-1918
  • Claude Debussy  1862-1918
  • Edmond Dede  1827-1903
  • Gaetano Donizetti  1797-1848
  • Paul Dukas  1865-1935
  • Antonin Dvorák  1841-1904
  • Edward Elgar  1857-1934
  • Gabriel Faure  1845-1924
  • Stephen Foster 1830-1860
  • Cesar Franck  1822-1890
  • Gilbert and Sullivan 1870-1896
  • Mikhail Glinka  1804-1857
  • Louis Moreau Gottschalk  1829-1869
  • Charles Gounod  1818-1893
  • Enrique Granados  1867-1916
  • Edvard Grieg  1843-1907
  • Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel  1805-1847
  • Joseph Joachim  1831-1907
  • Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov  1844-1908
  • Ruggero Leoncavallo  1857-1919
  • Franz Joseph Liszt  1811-1886
  • Edward MacDowell  1860-1908
  • Gustav Mahler  1860-1911
  • Felix Mendelssohn  1810-1840
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer  1791-1864
  • Modest Mussorgsky  1839-1881
  • Jacques Offenbach  1819-1880
  • Niccolo Paganini  1782-1840
  • Giocomo Puccini  1858-1924
  • Sergei Rachmaninoff  1873-1943
  • Gioachino Rossini  1792-1868
  • Camille Saint -Saëns  1835-1921
  • Alma Schindler  1879-1964
  • Franz Schubert  1797-1828
  • Clara Wieck Schumann  1819-1896
  • Robert Schumann  1810-1856
  • Jean Sibelius 1865-1957
  • Bedrich Smetana  1824-1884
  • Johann Strauss II 1825-1899
  • Richard Strauss  1864-1949
  • Arthur Sullivan  1842-1900
  • Pyotr Il’yich Tchaikovsky  1840-1893
  • Giuseppe Verdi  1813-1901
  • Richard Wagner  1820-1880

Post Great War Years (1920-present)

  • Bela Bartok  1881-1945
  • Leonard Bernstien  1918-1990
  • Irving Berlin  1888-1989
  • Aaron Copland  1910-1980
  • John Denver  1943-1997
  • Edward Kennedy “Duke” Ellington  1899-1974
  • Michael Giacchino  1967-
  • George Gershwin  1900-1930
  • Kenny G  1956-
  • Scott Joplin  1868-1917
  • Henry Mancini  1924-1994
  • Mark O’Conner  1961-
  • John Powell  1963-
  • Maurice Ravel  1870-1930
  • Sergei Rachmaninoff  1870-1940
  • Howard Shore  1946-
  • Dmitry Shostakovich  1900-1970
  • Stephen J. Sondheim  1930-
  • John Phillips Sousa  1854-1932
  • Igor Stravinsky  1880-1970
  • John Tesh  1952-
  • Andrew Lloyd Webber  1948-
  • John Williams  1932-
  • Yanni  1954-
  • Yo Yo Ma  1955-
  • Hans Zimmer  1957-

* This information was taken from the About.com Music 101 web page.  You can find short highlights of the composers lives there, as well as links to books, much and much more.

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